Universal Calculation Model Tool
The objective of this project has been to develop a universal, well documented and transparent method for calculation of Primary Energy Factor (PEF) and Primary Energy Use (PEU) and emission of greenhouse gases (CO2-eq). The overall aim of the UCM is to illustrate the environment potential and the potential of saving primary energy by DHC and/or CHP systems in a transparent and understandable way to the energy society.
Authors: Maria Justo Alonso, Frode Frydenlund and Jacob Stang (IEA-DHC, Annex X)
Keywords: Primary Energy Factor, Renewable Primary Energy Factory, Emission coefficient