The four generations of district cooling

A categorization of the development in district cooling from origin to future prospect

This paper defines four generations of district cooling to make a useful framework for research and industry and point to potential futures for district cooling which could benefit from low-temperature heating in buildings, similar to the four generations of district heating.

Authors: P.A. Østergaard, (Aalborg University), S. Werner (Halmstad University), A. Dyrelund (Ramboll), H. Lund, A. Arabkoohsar, P.Sorknæs (Aalborg University), O. Gudmundsson, J.E. Thorsen (Danfoss), B.V. Mathiesen (Aalborg University)