22 Apr 2021

Heat Pump Potential in the Baltic States

In 2018, the report Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios showed that heat pumps and electric boilers are a very promising option in buildings and in district heat production in a future energy system. In this report (2021) on heat pump potential in the Baltic states, data on heat- and cooling sources, small and large-scale heat pump- and electric boiler potential, as well as socio-economic costs and benefits, has been gathered and examined.

The report supports that the coupling of the common Baltic electricity market to local district heating via power-to-heat, offers large comparative advantages with respect to flexibility of source, potential synergies and economic considerations. The report also concludes that there is considerable potential and benefits of using heat pumps and electric boilers in the Baltic region, which holds a lot of promise for curbing climate-warming emissions.

Authors: Anna Volkova, Henrik Pieper, Hardi Koduvere, Kertu Lepiksaar & Andres Siirde (Tallinn University of Technology)

Keywords: district heating, heat pumps, power-to-heat, modelling