22 Dec 2017
by ReUseHeat Project

District heating in Castelnuovo del Garda, Italy

The municipality of Castelnuovo del Garda near lake Garda in northern Italy received funding in 2012 to establish a district heating system in the town. The district heating network is mainly powered by residual heat from a nearby industry. The first phase of the district heating network was inaugurated in March 2014.


The district heating project desired to exploit residual heat recovered from the local industry Air Liquide. The excess heat is extracted through a heat pump and delivered to a newly established district heating network, supplying both a public school and a sports centre. Air Liquide is a multinational company producing industrial gasses. In Castelnouvo del Garda, the company deliver oxygen for the steel industry. Many of their processes has cooling needs and accordingly produce excess heat, which can be extracted instead of being emitted to ambient air.

The system is composed of two screw compressors and the refrigerant is R134a. Total capacity of the excess heat delivered from Air Liquide is approximately 1.32 MW. District heating network temperatures are increased from the return flow of 40°C to approximately 63°C through the heat pump system. Temperatures on the cold side of the heat pump is cooled from 30 to 25°C. Electricity consumption is approximately 300 kW, meaning that the system can reach a COP of 4.4.

The excess heat is distributed through 3300 m of pipeline, before it reaches the end-users. The main sections of the district heating network are designed with up to five times the capacity which can be taken from Air Liquide. The route of the network is hereby optimized with future expansion possibilities to residential housings in mind. A second phase of the district heating project in Castelnuovo del Garda is to expand the grid with 3500 m of pipeline and construct a biomass power station with cogeneration of heat and electricity. The total scope of the project is to connect a further of 200,000 m3 of public and private sector buildings.

Heat recovered at Air Liquide will lead to energy savings equivalent to 140 ton of oil every year, corresponding to around 327 ton tons of CO2-equivalents being saved.


Facts about this case

Installed heating capacity: 1320 kW
Heating source: Low temperature industrial residual heat (30 °C)
Temperatures: Residual heat is cooled from 30 to 25°C. District heating water is heated from 40 to 63°C
Funding received: €1.3 M
Period: 2011-2014
Organization: Hiref
Link to web page: http://hiref.it/
Contact information: Alessandro Zerbetto, Hiref, (Italian Cooling Solutions)


Source: www.siderweb.com


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