01 Jun 2021

Business models for combined district heating and heat pumps

In buildings having both a heat pump and a district heating connection installed, the operation of the two heat sources can be optimized by an energy company to reduce system costs and in many cases reduce emissions from the heating of the buildings.

Authors: Jonas Ottosson, Linnea Johansson, Johan Kensby, Kristina Lygnerud, Johanna Nilsson, Anna Nilsson (Energiforsk)

Keywords: district heating, heat pump, business model, simulation, optimization, load shifting, comfort agreement, energy services