Analysing Intersectoral Benefits of District Heating in an Integrated Generation and Transmission Expansion Planning Model

This article aims to investigate the advantages of DH in an intersectoral context: offering versatile technology expansion options and therefore the ability to provide flexibility to the electric system.

Abstract: In the field of sector integration, the expansion of district heating (DH) is traditionally discussed with regard to the efficient integration of renewable energy sources (RES) and excess heat. But does DH exclusively benefit from other sectors or does it offer advantages in return? So far, studies have investigated DH only as a closed system or determined intersectoral benefits in a highly aggregated approach. We use and expand an integrated generation and transmission expansion planning model to analyze how the flexibility of DH benefits the energy system and the power transmission grid in particular. 

Authors: H. Schwaeppe, L.Böttcher, K.Schumann, L.Hein, P. Hälsig, S. Thams, P. Baquero Lozano and A. Moser 

Keywords: district heating; generation expansion planning; generation and transmission expansion planning; heat storage; integrated planning; linear programming; sector coupling; sector integration; thermal energy storage