Clean energy technology synergies and issues

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The objective of this report is to provide recommendations for long-term R&D priorities for crosscutting EC funded projects in the energy domain. Nineteen JRC experts analysed synergies and issues of the future energy system in following areas:

  •  objectives of Horizon 2020 projects were compared with national and international projects;
  • key energy technologies for a cost-effective energy transition using the energy system model JRC-EU-TIMES;
  • development trends of LCEO technologies with regard to their potential to provide grid support services; and
  • R&D synergies between LCEO technologies to accelerate development and use research budgets efficiently


Key enabling technologies for R&D areas to achieve cost reductions

From today up to 2050, additional investments to transition from a baseline to a low carbon or carbon neutral system are following seven technologies that are in the top-10 of each scenario:

  1. Hydrogen vehicles
  2. Wind
  3. Solar
  4. Hydrogen production
  5. Heat pumps
  6. Electric vehicles
  7. District heating

For a zero carbon scenario, following three technologies are to be added:

  1. Biofuel production (with reuse of all carbon)
  2. Fuel cells
  3. Direct Air Capture


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