HRE4 will map and model the heating and energy systems of the 14 largest users of heat in the EU, develop new policies at local, national, and EU level to ensure the uptake of efficient, sustainable and affordable heating and cooling solutions.
March 2016 to February 2019.
Description / Objectives:
In Europe, there is a clear long-term objective to decarbonise the energy system, but it is very unclear how this will be achieved in the heating and cooling sector. As a result, there is currently a lot of uncertainty among policymakers and investors in the heating and cooling sector, primarily due to a lack of knowledge about the long-term changes that will occur in the coming decades. HRE4 will enable new policies as well as prepare the ground for new investments by creating more certainty in relation to the changes that are required.
The work in this project will build on three previous HRE studies. HRE4 involves the most detailed spatial mapping of heat demands and renewable heat resources up to date; includes the potential for reducing heat demands through cost-efficient energy efficiency measures in both the heating and the cooling sector; integrates industrial sectors to quantify heat demands; and models both long term projections and hour-by-hour energy systems.
High resolution thermal maps of 14 EU countries.
Energy models and scenarios looking towards 2050 of 14 EU countries.
Business strategies identifying current barriers and proposing solutions looking forward.
Local and a European Heat Roadmap to help countries identify next steps and optimal solutions to decarbonise the heating sector.
HRE4 plans to cover the 14 countries in the EU ranked largest by heat demand. This means that with these 14 countries, we will cover 85-90% of the heating and cooling demands in Europe; this means our results are hugely relevant for the EU level.