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Heat Roadmap Europe: Large-Scale Electric Heat Pumps in District Heating Systems
This study (2017) is based on a survey of the existing capacity of electric large-scale heat pumps with more than 1 MW thermal output, operating in European DH systems. The survey is the first database of its kind containing the technical characteristics of these heat pumps. By quantifying the heat sources, refrigerants, efficiency and types of operation of 149 units with 1580 MW of thermal output, the study further uses this data to analyse if the deployment of this technology on a large-scale is possible in other locations in Europe. It finally demonstrates that the technical level of the existing heat pumps is mature enough to make them suitable for replication in other locations in Europe.
Keywords: district heating, large-scale electric heat pumps, waste heat, sewage water, flexibility, temperature
- Planning and modelling
Type of Content
- Report / Study