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Developing innovative business models for reducing return temperatures in district heating systems: Approach and first results
Temperature reduction plays a key-role in increasing the energy efficiency of existing European district heating (DH) systems and, most important, in allowing a higher and more cost-efficient integration of sustainable low-temperature sources. However, technical, economical and legal barriers hamper the necessary investments. Purpose of this study (2020) is the elaboration of business models encouraging a substantial temperature reduction in existing DH systems and enabling the transition towards the 4GDH. Particular focus is paid on solutions incentivizing the deep implementation of measures on the demand side to reduce the network return temperatures.
Authors: Paolo Leoni, Roman Geyer, Ralf-Roman Schmidt (AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH)
Keywords: district heating, 4GDH, business models, fault detection, temperature reduction, customer engagement
- Business models and financing
Type of Content
- Scientific article