The results of this study provide valuable insight in the market expectations relating to digitalisation efforts such as TEMPO. As such, they will be integrated in the on-going replication effort within the TEMPO project.
The guidebook contains aggregated information about the main economic drivers for low-temperature district heating. It shows how to obtain lower temperatures in heating systems inside existing and new buildings, as well as in existing and new heat distribution networks.
For decades the focus of district heating (DH) has been on energy efficiency and minimum operating temperatures. This quest for continuous efficiency improvements led to the modern 4th generation of DH (4GDH), operating at lowest possible temperature for direct utilization by end-user.